Gramatica limbii engleze

Formule de Salut in Limba Engleza [ Greetings ]

formule-de-salut-in-engleza-greetings
decembrie 4, 2019

Atunci cand incepem sa invatam limba engleza, prima lectie include, de cele mai multe ori, formulele de salut.

Ce vom invata:
– sa salutam in limba engleza,
– sa ne prezentam in limba engleza,
– sa ne interesam de identitatea cuiva.

1. Formule de salut in limba engleza:

a) expresii informale:

Hello! – formula de salut informala, folosita in orice moment al zilei, in special in Engleza britanica. – Buna!, Salut!
Hi! – – formula de salut informala, folosita in orice moment al zilei, in special in Engleza americana – Buna!, Salut!
Nice to see you! – Imi pare bine sa te intalnesc!
See you! – La revedere./Pa.
See you later! – Ne vedem mai tarziu!
Hello, how are you? – Buna, ce mai faci?
Hi, Jim! How are things? – Buna, Jim, ce mai faci?
I’m fine, thanks! And you? – Bine, multumesc! Dar tu?

b) expresii formale:

Good morning! – forma de salut inainte de ora 12- Buna dimineata!
Good afternoon! – forma de salut de la ora 12 pana la ora 18
Good evening! – forma de salut dupa ora 18 – Buna seara!
Good night! – forma de ramas bun folosita seara – Noapte buna!
Good bye! – La revedere.
Good morning/ afternoon/ evening, how are you? – Buna dimineata/ziua/ seara, ce mai faceti?
Very well, thank you! – Forte bine, multumesc! Dar dvs?

2. Expresii folosite atunci faceti cunostinta cu cineva / va interesati de identitatea cuiva:

How do you do? – Imi pare bine de cunostinta!
raspunsul este de obicei acelasi:
How do you do!
sau una din urmatoarele expresii:
Nice to meet you!
Pleased to meet you!
Glad to meet you!

Exemplu:
I’m Mary Smith. – Eu sunt Mary Smith – informal.
My name is Mary Smith.- Numele meu este Mary Smith – formal.

Excuse me, are you Professor Jones? – Scuzati-ma, dvs. sunteti Profesor Jones? – o situatie formala
Hi, you must be Jane. – Buna, probabil ca tu esti Jane. – o situatie informala.

Exercitii:
I. Cititi urmatoarele dialoguri si stabiliti care sunt formale si care sunt informale:
a) 1. How do you do? I’m Mary Smith.
2. And I am Robert Thomson. How do you do?
……………………………………………

b) 1. Good morning, my name is Paul Johnson.
2. Pleased to meet you, Paul.
……………………………………………

c) Hello, I’m Anne Johnson.
Hi, Anne, my name is George.
……………………………………………

d) Excuse me, are you Dr. Brown?
Yes, I am.
I am ………………….. Pleased to meet you!
………………………………………………….

II. Gasiti raspunsul corespunzator (a-e) pentru fiecare formula de salut (1- 5):

1. How do you do?
2. Good afternoon, I’m John Simon.
3. Hi, Sheila! Nice to see you.
4. Hello, dear! How are you?
5. Excuse me, are you Dr. Johnson?

a) Very well, thank you, Gina! And you?
b) How do you do?
c) Pleased to meet you, Mr. Simon. My name is ……….
d) Yes, I am.
e) Nice to see you, too, George!