Gramatica limbii engleze

Numeralul Cardinal sau Cum Numaram in Limba Engleza

numeralul-cardinal-in-engleza-cum-numaram-in-engleza
ianuarie 10, 2020

Numeralul cardinal exprima un numar, o determinare numerica a obiectelor.

Ce vom invata:
– sa spunem un numar de telefon;
– sa exprimam varsta;
– sa ne referim la sume de bani.

NUMERELE DE LA 1 LA 10 IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

0 = zero
1= one
2= two
3 = three
4 = four
5 = five
6 = six
7 = seven
8 = eight
9 = nine
10 = ten

De retinut:

Numerele de telefon se exprima in engleza cifra cu cifra.

Exemplu:
089 1234567 se citeste: zero eight nine one two three four five six seven

NUMERELE DE LA 11 LA 19 IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

11 = eleven
12 = twelve
13 = thirteen
14 = fourteen
15 = fifteen
16 = sixteen
17 = seventeen
18 = eighteen
19 = nineteen

De retinut:

1. 11 si 12 au forme specifice: eleven, twelve.

2. Numerele 14, 16, 17 si 19 se formeaza adaugand terminatia -teen la cifra corespunzatoare:

14 = fourteen
16 = sixteen
17 = seventeen
19 = nineteen

3. In urmatoarele cazuri, apar modificari in interiorul cuvantului:

13 = thirteen (in loc de three)
15 = fifteen (in loc de five)
18 = eighteen (se scrie cu un singur t)

NUMERELE ZECILOR IN LIMBA ENGLEZA
20 = twenty
30 = thirty
40 = forty
50 = fifty
60 = sixty
70 = seventy
80 = eighty
90 = ninety

De retinut:

1. Numarul 20 are forma specifica: twenty.

2. Numerele 60, 70, 90 se formeaza in engleza adaugand terminatia -ty la cifra zecilor

60 = sixty
70 = seventy
90 = ninety

3. In urmatoarele cazuri, apar modificari ale cifrei zecilor:

30 = thirty (in loc de three)
40 = forty (in loc de four)
50 = fifty (in loc de five)
80 = eighty (se scrie cu un singur t)

NUMERELE FORMATE DIN ZECI SI UNITATI IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

21 = twenty-one
22 = twenty-two
23 = twenty-three
24 = twenty-four
25 = twenty-five
26 = twenty-six
27 = twenty-seven
28 = twenty-eight
29 = twenty-nine

31 = thirty-one
32 = thirty-two
33 = thirty-three
34 = thirty-four
35 = thirty-five
36 = thirty-six
37 = thirty-seven
38 = thirty-eight
39 = thirty-nine

41 = forty-one
42 = forty-two
43 = forty-three
44 = forty-four
45 = forty-five
46 = forty-six
47 = forty-seven
48 = forty-eight
49 = forty-nine

51 = fifty-one
52 = fifty-two
53 = fifty-three
54 = fifty-four
55 = fifty-five
56 = fifty-six
57 = fifty-seven
58 = fifty-eight
59 = fifty-nine

61 = sixty-one
62 = sixty-two
63 = sixty-three
64 = sixty-four
65 = sixty-five
66 = sixty-six
67 = sixty-seven
68 = sixty-eight
69 = sixty-nine

71 = seventy-one
72 = seventy-two
73 = seventy-three
74 = seventy-four
75 = seventy-five
76 = seventy-six
77 = seventy-seven
78 = seventy-eight
79 = seventy-nine

81 = eighty-one
82 = eighty-two
83 = eighty-three
84 = eighty-four
85 = eighty-five
86 = eighty-six
87 = eighty-seven
88 = eighty-eight
89 = eighty-nine

91 = ninety-one
92 = ninety-two
93 = ninety-three
94 = ninety-four
95 = ninety-five
96 = ninety-six
97 = ninety-seven
98 = ninety-eight
99 = ninety-nine

De retinut:

1. Se foloseste cratima (liniuta de unire) intre numarul zecilor si cifra unitatilor.

Exemplu:
How old are you? (Cati ani ai?)
I am twenty-seven. (Am 27 de ani.)

NUMERELE CARE EXPRIMA SUTE IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

100 = one hundred
200 = two hundred
300 = three hundred
400 = four hundred
500 = five hundred
600 = six hundred
700 = seven hundred
800 = eight hundred
900 = nine hundred

De retinut:

1. Se foloseste forma de singular – hundred – nu cea de plural – hundreds.

2. Forma hundreds se foloseste in engleza in expresia hundreds of… cu sensul de sute de… fara a mentiona un numar exact.

Exemplu:
Hundreds of people took part in this project. = Sute de oameni au luat parte la acest proiect.

NUMERELE COMPUSE DIN SUTE, ZECI SI UNITATI IN LIMBA ENGLEZA
De retinut:

1. Numerele compuse din sute, zeci si unitati se formeaza din
cifra sutelor + and + cifra zecilor + cifra unitatilor.

Exemplu:
257 = two hundred and fifty-seven
805 = eight hundred and five
579 – five hundred and seventu-nine

Exemplu:
How much is a plane ticket to Paris? (Cat costa un bilet de avion pana la Paris?)
It’s 249 (two hundred and forty nine) Euros. (Costa 249 de euro.)

NUMERELE DE ORDINUL MIILOR IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

De retinut:

1. Numerele de la 1000 la 10 000 se formeaza cu cifra miilor + thousand

Exemplu:
2, 000 = two thousand;
4, 000 = four thousand, etc.

2. In engleza, cifra miilor este separata de zerouri prin virgula:

Exemplu:
5,000 = 5 000 (cinci mii).

3. Numerele de la 1,100 la 1,900 se exprima dupa cum urmeaza:

1,100 = eleven hundred
1,200 = twelve hundred
1,300 = thirteen hundred
1,400 = fourteen hundred
1,500 = fifteen hundred
1,600 = sixteen hundred
1,700 = seventeen hundred
1,800 = eighteen hundred
1,900 = nineteen hundred

4. Celelalte numere de ordinul miilor se exprima in limba engleza astfel:

2,376 = two thousand three hundred and seventy-six
5,094 = five thousand and ninety-four
6,001 = six thousand and one

5. Zecile de mii se exprima in engleza dupa cum urmeaza:

10,000 = ten thousand
26,498 = twenty six thousand four hundred and ninety-eight

6. Sutele de mii se exprima in engleza dupa cum urmeaza:

100,000 = one hundred thousand
694,378 = six hundred and ninety-four thousand three hundred and seventy-eight

Exemplu:
Last year the company had a profit increase of 350, 000 (thirty-five thousand) Euros.
(Anul trecut firma a avut o crestere a profitului de 350 000 de euro.)

NUMERELE MAI MARI DE UN MILION IN LIMBA ENGLEZA

De retinut:

1. Numelere de ordinul milioanelor se formeaza in limba engleza din cifra milioanelor + miilion

Exemplu:
1,000,000 = one million
4,000,000 = four million
7,000,000 = seven million

2. Zecile si sutele de milioane, bilioanele si trilioanele se formeaza in engleza dupa cum urmeaza:

425,000,000 = four hundred and twenty-five million
7,000,000,000 = seven billion
6,000,000,000,000 = six trillion

Exemplu:
7,590,000 (seven million five hyndred and ninety) old lei means 759 (seven hundred and fifty-nine) ron.
(7 590 000 lei vechi inseamna 759 de ron.)