Lista Verbelor Neregulate in Engleza [ Irregular Verbs ]

In limba engleza, verbele se impart in doua categorii dupa forma pe care o primesc la trecut – Past Tense Simple si la Past Participle: verbe regulate, care au terminatia -ed la cele doua forme mentionate mai sus, si verbe neregulate, care au forme specifice. Past Tense se mai numeste si forma a doua a verbului, iar Past Participle forma a treia (prescurtat, veti gasi in cartile de gramatica engleza si V-ed, V-II si V-III).

Va propunem o lista cu verbele neregulate din limba engleza, in care prima forma este cea de infinitiv , adica forma de dictionar, forma a doua (Past Simple), forma a treia ( Past Participle) si traducerea (sensul de baza).

Dupa cum veti observa, unele verbe au mai multe forme sau au atat forme regulate, cat si neregulate.

abide – abided/abode – abided/abode = a se supune

arise – arose – arisen = a se ivi

awake – awoke – awoken = a se trezi

be – was/were – been = a fi

bear – bore – born = = a purta

beat – beat – beaten = a bate

become – became – become = a deveni

befall – befell – befallen = a i se intampla

beget – begot – begotten = a da nastere la/a genera

begin – began – begun = a incepe

behold – beheld – beheld = a privi

bend – bent – bent = a indoi

beseech – beseeched/besought – beseeched/besought = a implora

beset – beset – beset = a asalta

bespeak – bespoke – bespoken = a rezerva

bestride – bestrode – bestridden = a incaleca

bet – bet – bet = a paria

bid – bade/bid – bidden/bid = a licita

bind – bound – bound = a lega

bite – bit – bitten = a musca

bleed – bled – bled = a sangera

blow – blew – blown = a sufla

break – broke – broken = a sparge, a rupe

breed – bred – bred = a creste animale

bring – brought – brought = a aduce

broadcast – broadcast – broadcast = a difuza

browbeat – browbeat – browbeaten = a intimida pe cineva

build – built – built = a construi

burn – burned/burnt – burned/burnt = a arde

buy – bought – bought = a cumpara

cast – cast – cast = a arunca

catch – caught – caught = a prinde

chide – chided – chided/chid/chidden = a mustra, a certa

choose – chose – chosen = a alege

cleave – cleaved/cleft – cleaved/cleft = a despica

cling – clung – clung = a se prinde, a se tine de

come – came – come = a veni

cost – cost – cost = a costa

creep – crept – crept = a se tara

cut – cut – cut = a taia

deal – dealt – dealt = a face afaceri

dig – dug – dug = a sapa

do – did – done = a face

draw – drew – drawn = a atrage

dream – dreamed/dreamt – dreamed/dreamt = a visa

drink – drank – drunk = a bea

drive – drove – driven = a sofa

dwell – dwelled/dwelt – dwelled/dwelt = a locui

eat – ate – eaten = a manca

fall – fell – fallen = a cadea

feed – fed – fed = a hrani

feel – felt – felt = a simti

fight – fought – fought = a lupta

find – found – found = a gasi

flee – fled – fled = a fugi, a se refugia

floodlight – floodlit – floodlit = a ilumina

fly – flew – flown = a zbura

forbear – forbore – foreborne = a indura

forbid – forbade – forbidden = a interzice

forecast – forecast/forecasted – forecast/forecasted = a prevedea

foresee – foresaw – foreseen = a anticipa, a preconiza

foretell – foretold – foretold = a prezice

forget – forgot – forgotten = a uita

forgive – forgave – forgiven = a ierta

forsake – forsook – forsaken = a abandona

forswear – forswore – forsworn = a jura fals

freeze – froze – frozen = a ingheta

gainsay – gainsaid – gainsaid = a dezminti

get – got – got/gotten = a obtine

gird – girded/girt – girded/girt = a incinge, a lega cu o curea

give – gave – given = a da

go – went – gone = a merge

grind – ground – ground = a macina

grow – grew – grown = a creste

hamstring – hamstrung – hamstrung = a paraliza

hang – hung/hanged – hung/hanged = a atarna

have – had – had = a avea

hear – heard – heard = a auzi

heave – hove/heaved – hove/heaved = a ridica, a inalta

hew – hewed – hewn/hewed = a taia

hide – hid – hidden = a ascunde

hit – hit – hit = a lovi

hold – held – held = a tine

hurt – hurt – hurt = a pastra

inlay – inlaid – inlaid = a incrusta

input – input/inputted – input/inputted = a introduce

inset – inset/insetted – inset/insetted = a insera

interweave – interwove/interweaved – interwoven/interweaved = a impleti

keep – kept – kept = a pastra

kneel – knelt – knelt = a ingenunchia

knit – knit – knit = a tricota

know – knew – knpwn = a sti

lay – laid – laid = a pune

lead – led – led = a conduce

lean – leant/leaned – lent/leaned = a sprijini

leap – leapt/leaped – leapt/leaped = a sari

learn – learned/learnt – learnt = a invata

leave – left – left = a pleca

lend – lent – lent = a da cu imprumut

let – let – let = a lasa

lie – lay – lain = a sta culcat

light – lit – lit = a aprinde (lumina)

lose – lost – lost = a pierde

make – made -made = a face

mean – meant – meant = a semnifica

meet – met- met = a intalni

mishear – miheard – misheard = a auzi gresit

mislay – mislaid – mislaid = a rataci (un obiect)

mislead – misled – misled = a induce in eroare

misread [misri:d] – misread [misred] – misread [misred] = a citi gresit

misspell – misspelt/misspelled – misspelt/misspelled = a scrie gresit

mistake – mistook – mistaken = a confunda

misunderstand – misunderstood – misunderstood = a intelege gresit

mow – mowed – mown/mowed = a cosi iarba

outbid – outbid – outbid/outbidden = a supralicita

outdo – outdid – outdone = a intrece

outgrow – outgrew – outgrown = a creste mai mare decat

outlay – outlaid – outlaid = a cheltui

output – output – output = a da ca rezultat

outrun – outran – outrun = a depasi, a devansa

outsell – outsold – outsold = a vinde mai mult decat

outshine – outshone – outshone = a eclipsa

overbid – overbid – overbid = a supralicita

overcome – overcame – overcome = a invinge

overdo – overdid – overdone = a exagera

overdraw – overdrew – overdrawn = a depasi contul (in banca)

overeat – overate – overeaten = a manca prea mult

overfly – overflew – overflown = a survola

overhang – overhung – overhung = a iesi in afara

overhear – overheard – overheard = a auzi din intamplare

overlay – overlaid – overlaid = a acoperi

overpay – overpaid – overpaid = a plati mai mult sau prea mult pentru ceva

override – overrode – overridden = a fi mai important decat

overrun – overran – overrun = a depasi

oversee – oversaw – overseen = a supraveghea

overshoot – overshot – overshot = a nu nimeri tinta

oversleep – overslept – overslept = a dormi prea mult

overtake – overtook – overtaken = a depasi

overthrow – overthrew – overthrown = a rasturna

partake – partook – partaken = a impartasi

pay – paid – paid = a plati

plead – pleaded/pled – pleaded/pled = a pleda

prove – proved – proved/proven = a dovedi

put – put – put = a pune

quit – quit – quit = a parasi, a abandona, a renunta

read [ri:d] – read [red] – read [red] = a citi

rebuild – rebult – rebuilt = a reconstrui

recast – recast – recast = a reformula

redo – redid – redone = a reface

remake – remade – remade = a crea o versiune noua

rend – rent – rent = a sfasia

repay – repaid – repaid = a rambursa

reread [ri:ri:d] – reread [ri:red] – reread [ri:red] = a reciti

rerun – reran – rerun = a rula din nou

resell – resold – resold = a revinde

reset – reset – reset = a reseta, a remonta

resit – resit – resit = a da din nou un examen

retake – retook – retaken = a relua

retell – retold – retold = a repovesti

rethink – rethought – rethought = a reanaliza

rewrite – rewrote – rewritten = a rescrie

rid – rid – rid = a scapa

ride – rode – ridden = a calari

ring – rang – rung = a suna

rise – rose – risen = a creste

run – ran – run = a alerga

saw – sawed – sawed/sawn = a taia cu ferastraul

say – said – said = a spune

see – saw – seen = a vedea

seek – sought – sought = a cauta

sell – sold – sold = a vinde

send – sent – sent = a trimite

set – set – set = a seta/monta

sew – sewed – sewed/sewn = a coase

shake – shook – shaken = a scutura

shear – sheared – sheared/shorn = a taia, a reteza

shed – shed – shed = a varsa

shine – shone – shone = a straluci

shoe – shod – shod = a potcovi

shoot – shot – shot = a alerga

show – showed – shown/showed = a arata, a demonstra

shrink – shrank – shrunk = a se micsora

shut – shut – shut = a inchide

sing – sang – sung = a canta

sink – sank – sunk = a (se) scufunda

sit – sat – sat = a sta

slay – slew – slain = a ucide

sleep – slept – slept = a dormi

slide – slid – slid = a aluneca

sling – slung – slung = a arunca

slink – slunk – slunk = a se furisa

slit – slit – slit = a despica

smell – smellt/smelled – smellt/smelled = a mirosi

smite – smote – smitten = a lovi

sow – sowed – sowed/sown = a semana, a insamanta

speak – spoke – spoken = a vorbi

speed – sped/speeded – sped/speeded = a grabi

spell – spelt/spelled – spelt/spelled = a scrie, a ortografia

spend – spent – spent = a cheltui

spill – spilt/spilled – spilt/spilled = a varsa, a inprastia

spin – spun – spun = a roti

spit – spat/spit – spat/spit = a scuipa

split – split – split = a despica

spoil – spoilt/spoiled – spoilt/spoiled = a strica, a rasfata

spotlight – spotlit/spotlighted – spotlit/spotlighted = a pune in lumina

spread – spread – spread = a raspandi

spring – sprang – sprung = a sari

stand – stood – stood = a sta in picioare

stave – staved/stove – staved/stove = a preveni

steal – stole – stolen = a fura

stick – stuck – stuck = a lipi

sting – stung – stung = a intepa

stink – stank/stunk – stunk = a mirosi urat

strew – strewed – strewn/strewed = a imprastia

stride – strode – stridden = a merge cu pasi mari, a umbla

strike – struck – struck = a lovi

string – strung – strung = a insira

strive – strove – striven = a se stradui

sublet – sublet – sublet = a subinchiria

swear – swore – sworn = a jura

sweat – sweat/sweated – sweat/sweated = a transpira

sweep – swept – swept = a matura

swell – swelled – swollen/swelled = a (se) umfla

swim – swam – swum = a inota

swing – swung – swung = a (se) balansa

take – took – taken = a lua

teach – taught – taught = a invata pe cineva

tear – tore – torn = a rupe, a sfasia

tell – told – told = a sta

think – thought – thought = a se gandi

thrive – thrived/throve – thrived = a prospera, a se dezvolta

throw – threw – thrown = a arunca

thrust – thrust – thrust = a arunca (ceva) intr-o anumita directie

tread – trod – trodded/trod = a calca, a pasi

typecast – typecast – typecast = a cataloga (pe cineva)

typeset – typeset – typeset = a culege litere

typewrite – typewrote – typewritten = a dactilografia

unbend – unbent – unbent = a indrepta, a dezdoi

underbid – underbid – underbid = a oferi mai putin la o licitatie

undercut – undercut – undercut = a reduce (pretul)

undergo – underwent – undergone = a trece printr-o experienta, a suferi

underlie – underlay – underlain = a sta la baza

underpay – underpaid – underpaid = a plati insuficient

undesell – undersold – undersold = a vinde mai ieftin decat concurenta

understand – understood – understood = a intelege

undertake – undertook – undertaken = a intreprinde, a se angaja sa faca ceva

underwrite – underwrote – underwritten = a subscrie

undo – undid – undone = a anula, a desface

unfreeze – unfroze – unfrozen = a dezgheta

unlearn – unlearnt/unlearned – unlearnt/unlearned = a se dezvata

unstick – unstuck – unstuck = a dezlipi

unwind – unwound – unwound = a derula

uphold – upheld – upheld = a sustine

upset – upset – upset = a supara

wake – woke – woken = a trezi

waylay – waylaid – waylaid = a pandi, a tine calea

wear – wore – worn = a purta

weave – wove/weaved – woven/weaved = a tese

wed – wed/wedded – wed/wedded = a se casatori

weep – wept – wept = a plange

wet – wet/wetted – wet/wetted = a uda, a umezi

win – won – won = a castiga

wind – wound – wound = a (se) incolaci, a serpui

withdraw – withdrew – withdrawn = a retrage

withhold – withheld – withheld = a retine

withstand – withstood – withstood = a rezista la

wring – upwrung – wrung = a stoarce

write – wrote – written = a scrie

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